Health, beauty and well-being are largely dependent on hormonal levels. The representatives of the fair sex, it changes more often than men. And when hormonal failure in women occurs due to illness, symptoms and signs are often attributed to fatigue.
What hormones affect the beauty of women
There are several of them, and all of them are extremely important, first of all, for health. In case of a lack or excess of hormones, the work of the internal organs is disturbed, which deteriorates the appearance over time.
EstrogenEstrogen deficiency can lead to osteoporosis
This is a whole group of female hormones consisting of estradiol, estrone and estriol. They:
- produced in the ovaries;
- provide the structure of the body according to the female type;
- responsible for childbearing;
- control the menstrual cycle.
When estrogens are normal, the woman looks fresh and young - she has smooth skin, shiny hair, strong nails. Sex hormones support the health of blood vessels, good mood, encourage sexual behavior - flirting and coquetry. Thanks to the estrogen movement, the girl's movements are smooth, her voice is soft, and her walk is alluring.
We can say that the normal level of sex hormones ensures the beauty of a woman and her attractiveness in the eyes of men.
ProgesteroneA decrease in progesterone levels in women leads to thinning, loss of elasticity and elasticity, as well as an increase in the number of wrinkles on the skin.
It belongs to the steroid category and is produced by the yellow body of the ovaries. The main task of this hormone is to ensure the maturation of the egg and ensure that it is properly placed in the uterus after fertilization. That is why progesterone is called the main hormone of pregnancy.
In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, its level increases for natural reasons, briefly changing the appearance of the woman. During this period, the body accumulates fluid, so there is a slight puffiness, the skin becomes more elastic, but greasy luster and blackheads appear on it. After menstruation, progesterone is reduced, and everything returns to normal.
Hormone prevents weight loss, because it supports the body in constant readiness for carrying a child, even if the conception has not come.
During pregnancy, progesterone suppresses the body's immune response, aimed at rejection of the embryo. In the future, the hormone maintains the uterus in the right tone, so that its muscles do not contract, and the carrying does not end prematurely. At the end of the third trimester, the level of progesterone drops sharply, and the female body perceives this as a signal to the onset of labor and milk production.
DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone)With a reduced level of DHEA, doctors advise starting with 39-40 years of age.
It is considered a male sex hormone, it is produced in the adrenal cortex, but it is also present in women. DHEA provides attraction to the opposite sex, supports brain activity, healthy muscle tone, and a good mood. All this helps a woman to feel young and beautiful.
In women whose age does not exceed 35 years, the concentration of the hormone should be in the range of 2660-11200 nmol / l.
Dehydroepiandrosterone deficiency disrupts hormones, which affects appearance, health and well-being. Excess leads to the appearance of male signs in appearance and behavior.
MelatoninIn addition to the antioxidant and immunostimulating effects, melatonin also has anti-tumor properties.
It is called the sleep hormone, but its functions are much broader. Melatonin:
- takes part in the processes of digestion;
- supports the endocrine and immune systems;
- ensures the normal functioning of the brain.
It is also a strong antioxidant, therefore it helps the skin and other organs to repel free radical attacks that destroy cells.
The hormone is produced at night, in the deepest phase of sleep. This happens from 00.00 to 4.00 o'clock in the morning, but any light hinders the process. That is, during a day rest in a dark room, as well as in the light of a mobile phone and electronic alarm clock, melatonin is almost not produced.
Women who are awake at night develop a deficiency of this hormone, which triggers the aging process. As a result:
- metabolism slows down;
- violated the work of the internal organs;
- there comes an early climax;
- deteriorating condition of hair, nails and skin.
Women working on night shifts, aviation employees (flight attendants, dispatchers), radio and telegraph operators, have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, while women who are primarily blind (that is, having light deprivation) have this risk 2 times less.
In order for melatonin to remain normal, one should sleep at night in a dark room and at least 8 hours a day.
CortisolThe concentration of cortisol in the morning reaches its peak, in the evening - the amount of hormone in the blood decreases
It is a stress hormone that is synthesized by the adrenal glands and helps the body form the right response in an emergency. By reducing the level of cortisol, the skin loses collagen, so it becomes flabby. With an excess of it becomes thinner and becomes prone to the formation of pigment spots.
And it is also believed that stress prevents losing weight. Everything is really so, because protecting itself from excess cortisol, the female body begins to accumulate fat.
TestosteroneTestosterone levels may depend on various factors: nutrition, lifestyle, and physical activity.
This is the main sex hormone of men, which is produced in small quantities in the female body. Synthesize his ovaries and adrenal glands.
Testosterone supports skeletal growth, normal muscle volume and strength, and heart function. Is he:
- increases sexual desire;
- adds sexuality to female behavior;
- participates in the metabolism, therefore, prevents excess body fat.
Testosterone affects the condition of the skin. When the hormone is not enough, it is slowly updated, loses its elasticity and protective properties. With excess testosterone, the surface of the body becomes greasy, covered with acne. The mammary glands in women atrophy, and the figure becomes masculine.
Growth hormoneThe growth hormone production reaches its peak at night, 2-3 hours after falling asleep
This is a growth hormone. It is produced in the pituitary gland - a section of the brain, and is responsible for the proper formation of the skeleton, the gain of muscle mass and the burning of fat.
With an excess of growth hormone, the size of the hands and feet increases, the facial features become large. In women, this happens during pregnancy and is considered the norm during this period. With the birth of a child, the hormonal background is restored and everything returns to normal.
With a deficiency of growth hormone, aging begins, which have a bad effect on health and appearance. The natural decrease in growth hormone begins as early as 25 years, and by 45 it already becomes half as much.
Thyroid HormonesThyroid hormones increase motor activity, accelerate mental activity, inhibit the formation and deposition of fat in the tissues
Thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxin and triiodothyronine control metabolism, so their imbalance affects almost all functions of the body.
When the thyroid gland is weak, hormones are produced in small quantities, hypothyroidism develops. Among other things, it causes:
- deterioration of the skin, hair and nails;
- sluggish work of the digestive tract;
- decrease in vitality.
When excessive activity of the thyroid hormone is produced more than necessary - hyperthyroidism develops. In this state, the activity of sweat and sebaceous glands increases throughout the body, and the weight goes away, despite normal nutrition. Skin and hair become greasy.
Signs and symptoms of hormonal failure
Endocrine disorders occur gradually, therefore, are not immediately noticeable. Fatigue, life difficulties, and personality traits are often blamed for poor health, changes in appearance and behavior. Meanwhile, the cause may be incorrect work of the organs of internal secretion.
Table: "Symptoms and signs of hormonal failure in women"
|Hormone name||Signs and symptoms|
|Estrone, estriol and estradiol (estrogens)|
|Thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxin and triiodothyronine (thyroid hormones)|
When such changes are chronic, it is necessary to seek medical attention.
Reviews of signs of hormonal failure and treatment options
Menstruation became irregular, terrible acne appeared, stressful situations began. Doctors said hormonal failure, prescribed to drink drugs based on estrogen. Began to drink - everything went.
Source: //m.woman.ru/health/woman-health/thread/4308077/ © Woman.ru
I have a failure. Due to the use of progesterone drugs increased weight by 8 kg. A friend also gained 20 kg, after the cancellation of the drug immediately lost weight without dieting. As a result, advice - if the weight after the cancellation of hormonal drugs does not return to normal, then go not to the gynecologist, but to the endocrinologist.
They used to suffer from painful periods, constant delays, and a sharp change of mood. Decided on hormonal pills. The doctor advised the drug on the basis of a combination of estrogen and progestogen. After the reception, I noticed improvements: the cycle was normalized, the pain decreased, the skin became 100 times cleaner. The mood has changed for the better, it became easier to endure stress.
Which doctor to goIn the absence of any symptoms, it is necessary to visit a doctor at least 2 times a year to diagnose the body and detect diseases at an early stage.
With symptoms of hormonal imbalance, a woman should go to a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. If the first deals with the problems of the genital organs, then the second with all endocrine disorders.
To restore health, the doctor prescribes a diagnosis, and according to its results - the appropriate therapy. Often it is limited to hormone replacement treatment. The drugs are sold without a prescription, but this does not mean that you can not go to the doctor. Self-medication is dangerous, and here's why:
- many of the symptoms of endocrine disruption are similar to signs of other diseases. The true cause can be identified only by examination;
- hormonal disorders are the result of diseases of internal organs, therefore, to restore the balance, serious treatment will be required, sometimes surgical.
And most importantly: uncontrolled hormone intake can lead to the development of life-threatening conditions.
Recently, it has become fashionable to go for beauty and youth not to a polyclinic, but to a beautician. However, if problems with weight, hair, nails and skin are not eliminated with proper nutrition and good care products, are not caused by age-related changes or pregnancy, it is better to hurry up with a visit to an endocrinologist.